If you’re aiming for a smooth, hair-free look, ingrown hairs can ruin the effect. These unsightly bumps can be an annoying side effect of hair removal. The good news is ingrown hairs can be treated effectively at home.

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Dermatologist Sherrie Bullard, MDshares safe ways to get rid of ingrown hairs and how to prevent them from happening.

What are ingrown hairs?

A hair becomes ingrown if it grows back into your skin while being outside of its hair follicle. The curlier the hair, the more likely it is to become ingrown. A hair can curve back into your skin as it grows out and become trapped under your skin. Friction is also a factor. So, wearing tight clothing such as leggings and jeans can contribute.

Ingrown hairs trigger as inflammation they enter your skin. “The immune system sees the ingrown hair as a foreign object — much like a splinter,” Dr. explains. Bullard. “The skin turns red, and pustules develop. These are dead white blood cells. Release of chemicals from the white blood cells is what leads to the inflammation and itching.”

Do home remedies for ingrown hairs work?

The good news is we aren’t helpless against ingrown hair breakouts. Some simple steps taken at home can eradicate these embarrassing bumps.

Home remedy #1: Over-the-counter ingrown hair products

The market has exploded with skin care products with different ingredients to help with ingrown hairs. Major online beauty and drug stores carry these products.

“I would recommend this be the first place to go for help with ingrown hairs,” says Dr. Bullard.

These products range from serums to lotions, toners and pads that are gentle exfoliants. They’re a gentler alternative to traditional exfoliants.

One very useful product is adapalene gel, an over-the-counter retinoid medication. This medication can be applied to areas with ingrown hairs to help gently exfoliate until the ingrown hair appears at the surface of your skin. You can then carefully remove the hair with tweezers (see below).

Home remedy #2: Warm compresses

Apply a warm, moist — not dripping — washcloth for 10 to 15 minutes, three or four times a day. Warm compresses soften your skin and may help ease inflammation and discomfort by allowing your skin to open and drain if there’s any pus present.

“Once the skin opens, if the ingrown hair is visible, it can be grasped carefully with clean angled tweezers and the hair pulled out,” advises Dr. Bullard. “Help the skin heal quickly by keeping the area clean and applying antibiotic ointment.”

Home remedy #3: Tweezing

If the hair is already visible and sticking out of your skin, you can attempt to tweeze the hair out.

Clean the area with warm, soapy water, clean your angled tweezers with alcohol and gently grasp the hair. If it’s difficult to see the area, use extra lighting like an LED ring light and a magnifying mirror. This will allow you to grasp only the hair and avoid damaging your skin. Resist the urge to squeeze.

If the hair is completely under your skin, avoid the temptation to poke the area with a sharp object and dig out the hair. This can lead to infection and scarring. Please see a healthcare professional for help in this situation.

Home remedy #4: Gentle exfoliation

Exfoliation should be approached carefully, as it causes inflammation, which leads to hyperpigmentation and may not be very helpful in resolving ingrown hairs.

How long do ingrown hairs last?

What if you’ve tried home remedies, and the ingrown hair just won’t go away? The ingrown hair may eventually make its way out of your skin. But this process can take time. There are also situations where the hair will continue growing under your skin. In this case, Dr. Bullard suggests seeing a dermatologist.

Watch for infected ingrown hairs

There’s a chance that an ingrown hair can become infected. Be on the lookout for these signs:

  • A feeling of warmth in the area.
  • Large amounts of pus or drainage.
  • Pain or swelling that gets worse instead of better.
  • Redness that spreads beyond the area of ​​the hair.

If you notice one or more of these symptoms, see a physician or health professional for help as soon as possible.

Preventing ingrown hairs

You can’t always prevent ingrown hairs, but you can take steps to lower the chances of them developing.

  • Avoid friction: Clothes rubbing on your skin can cause irritation and ingrown hairs. If possible, wear looser-fitting clothing on the areas you shave.
  • Ditch solid antiperspirant: If you frequently get underarm ingrown hairs, using solid antiperspirant could be part of the problem. Solid antiperspirants or deodorants can block pores, so switch to a product that isn’t a solid.
  • Don’t pull while shaving: Avoid trying to shave “extra close.” Just glide the razor gently over your skin without pulling it taut. Another way to do this is to use a special razor called a “bump fighter.”
  • Go with “the grow”: Shave in the direction of hair growth. When waxing, apply wax in the direction of hair growth. When you remove the wax, pull it off in the opposite direction.
  • Keep it clean: If you can, shower after exercising or getting sweaty, especially if you recently shaved or waxed.
  • Leave hair longer: If you get ingrown hairs on your scalp, you may want to switch to a longer hairstyle. Avoid close hairstyles or shaves by having the hair trimmed with scissors rather than clippers.
  • Lubricate: Don’t shave dry skin. Apply a shave gel or cream to help the razor glide over your skin. Use a hypoallergenic, fragrance-free product if you have sensitive skin.
  • Use a sharp razor: Use a fresh, sharp blade every time you shave. Toss razors when they get old or dull, or if they ever drop on the floor, as they can develop cracks which can nick your skin.

Alternative hair removal methods

If ingrown hairs won’t take a hike, you may need to forgo shaving, waxing or tweezing that area. Consider alternative hair removal options, like laser hair removal. This method targets the hair follicle, and it’s usually permanent. And because the hair doesn’t grow back after treatment, you won’t have to worry about ingrown hairs.

“Laser hair removal is safe and effective on all skin types,” says Dr. Bullard. “If you decide to pursue this method, talk to a doctor who has experience performing this treatment.”

Gentle touch for ingrown hairs

Ingrown hairs can be aggravating, but treat your skin gently. Trying to extract an ingrown hair that isn’t ready can lead to permanent scarring and discoloration.

If these at-home remedies aren’t working, step away from the tweezers and call your doctor. A medical professional can treat ingrown hairs and help you prevent them in the future.